Dedicated Outdoor Air Systems

In its simplest form, a dedicated outdoor air system (DOAS) is a type of HVAC system whose primary function is to deliver treated outdoor air into the space it serves. These systems filter the incoming air, remove moisture, and generally reheat the air back to 72°F (or neutral). However, due to the inherent flexibility of the NexGen product line, these units can be designed for dew point control, make up air, and many other applications. NexGen DOAS can come in two different configurations: rooftop or split.


Common Misapplications

  • DOAS units are not intended for comfort cooling. Tolerances may be +5.0 degrees F. and +10% relative humidity in the conditioned space.
  • Mixed-air unit with ECW, less than 30% outside air and economizer. The exhaust blower will be undersized for 100% airflow in economizer mode.
  • VAV application with more than 25% turn-down (20% for heat pumps) unless approved by factory.
  • Spring isolation on blowers with unit mounted on vibration isolation roof curb.
  • ECW with more than 10% of exhaust air from restrooms.
  • Re-circulation unit that cannot meet space load due to higher than 10 to 15% outside airflow.
  • Only selecting lead circuit HGR for dual circuit DOAS units. When the equipment is in the field, it will not be able to get to room neutral on days below the designed outside temps.
  • Complications with controls provided by others and field-installed. This is often exacerbated on systems with digital or VFD compressors.
  • Failure to maintain recommended clearances for air-source units that could lead to short-cycling of condenser airflow.
  • Modulating gas furnace with less than 350.0 MBH and more than 5:1 modulation.
  • Undersized of improperly installed ductwork.
  • Split-systems: (a) Straight cool with over 200 equivalent feet refrigerant line length. (b) Heat pump with over 100 equivalent feet refrigerant line length. (c) Either with more than 60 feet vertical lift (air handler above condensing unit).

Solutions for Tight Construction

Less Pollutants, More Clean Air

As we make our indoor environments tighter, less air flows through them. With less air circulation, pollutants can build up in the space. The pollutants can include carbon dioxide from breathing, smoke from cooking, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from cleaning materials and consumer products, and moisture, which can lead to mold if not controlled properly.

The only proven, energy-conscious solution is a mechanical ventilation system that delivers treated outdoor air.  With an extremely airtight envelope and a mechanical ventilation system that controls exactly where and how much air is delivered, you get the quantity of fresh air you need, deliver the fresh air where it’s needed, and you get it no matter the conditions of the outdoor air.

Discover Clean Air Solutions